Patan –Laltitpur “city of arts”
South of Kathmandu lies another district connecting Kathmandu within few minutes, Patan or Lalitpur, meaning city of art and crafts. It is indeed a city of great art with grace and is planned on a circular format with Buddhist stupa at each of the four points of the compass. The city is three kilometers south-east of Kathmandu across the southern bank of the river Bagmati. Like Kathmandu, its most photogenic centre of attraction is its Durbar Square complex, situated right in the middle of the market place. The city is full of Buddhist monuments and Hindu temples, with fine bronze gateways, guardian deities also and wonderful carvings. Noted for its craftsmen and metal workers, it is also known as the city of artists. The city is believed to have been built during the reign of Vira Deva in 299 A.D. Some of Patan’s more important monuments are as follows:
Hiranya Varna Mahavibar:
Rudra Varna Mahavihar:
The Tibetan Camp:
East of Kathmandu 3rd city
Bhaktapur or Bhadgaon
“The city of Devotees”
Of all Kathmandu valley cities, Bhaktapur holds more artifacts and ancient history and it’s on the route to Nagarkot the Mountain resort area famous for sunrise and sunset over massive Himalayan peaks, Bhaktapur is just a mere distance of 45 minutes drive located east of valley at about 10-12 k.m. distance and it is the third largest city within Kathmandu valley.
The city was once the capital of Nepal during the great Malla Kingdom from the 12th to the 15th century. Four square miles of land situated at an altitude of 1,401 meter from sea-level is a home to Traditional art and architecture, pottery and weaving industries, rich local customs and culture, and the every-day life of Bhaktapur people. All that and more will have you visit this untouched ancient city more than once! Nepal’s Malla dynasty’s achievements in arts and crafts are reflected throughout the Bhaktapur city. Bhaktapur is also known by woodcarving artists, for it’s cap known as Bhadgaon Topi, and for it’s curd known by Nepalese as the `Bhaktapur ko Dahe’ (meaning Curd made in Bhaktapur). Tourists visiting the city also take the time to relax and observe other interesting happenings in the city such as children’s playing outside their home and in temple yards, busy and color-full open markets, women’s making clay-pots, weaving, and sun-drying crops and vegetable products. Bhaktapur is located at 14 km east of Kathmandu.
Places to visit in Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur Durbar Square:
Bhaktapur Naytapola Temple
The Bhaktapur National Art Gallery
Bhairavnath Temple of Bhaktapur